Experiments about how AT works

Here we provide an chronological list of published peer- reviewed experiments about how AT works and studies that measure physiological or movement changes associated with AT or AT-like interventions.


Baer J, Vasavada A, Cohen R. Neck posture is influenced by anticipation of stepping. Hum Mov Sci. 2019;64:108-122.[PubMed Lay Person’s Summary


Becker J, Copeland S, Botterbusch E, Cohen R. Preliminary evidence for feasibility, efficacy, and mechanisms of Alexander technique group classes for chronic neck pain. Complement Ther Med. 2018;39:80-86. [PubMed]


Loram ID, Bate B, Harding P, Cunningham R, Loram A. Proactive Selective Inhibition Targeted at the Neck Muscles: This Proximal Constraint Facilitates Learning and Regulates Global Control. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2017;25(4):357-369. doi: 10.1109/tnsre.2016.2641024

Preece SJ, Cacciatore TW, Jones RK. Reductions in co-contraction during a sit-to-stand movement in people with knee osteoarthritis following neuromuscular re-education. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 2017;25:S121. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2017.02.194  Lay Person’s Summary


Hamel KA, Ross C, Schultz B, O’Neill M, Anderson DI. Older adult Alexander Technique practitioners walk differently than healthy age-matched controls. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2016;20(4):751-760. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.009


Cohen RG, Gurfinkel VS, Kwak E, Warden AC, Horak FB. Specific postural instructions affect axial rigidity and step initiation in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2015;29(9):878-888. doi: 10.1177/1545968315570323 Lay Person’s Study

O’Neill MM, Anderson DI, Allen DD, Ross C, Hamel KA. Effects of Alexander Technique training experience on gait behavior in older adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2015;19(3):473-481. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.12.006


Cacciatore TW, Mian OS, Peters A, Day BL. Neuromechanical interference of posture on movement: evidence from Alexander Technique teachers rising from a chair. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2014;112(3):719-729. doi: 10.1152/jn.00617.2013

Little P, Stuart B, Stokes M, et al. Alexander Technique and Supervised Physiotherapy Exercises in back pain (ASPEN): a four-group randomised feasibility trial. October 2014. [PubMed]


Cacciatore TW, Gurfinkel VS, Horak FB, Cordo PJ, Ames KE. Increased dynamic regulation of postural tone through Alexander Technique training. Human Movement Science. 2011;30(1):74-89. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.10.002

Cacciatore TW, Gurfinkel VS, Horak FB, Day BL. Prolonged weight-shift and altered spinal coordination during sit-to-stand in practitioners of the Alexander Technique. Gait & Posture. 2011;34(4):496-501. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.06.026


Cacciatore T, Horak F, Henry S. Improvement in automatic postural coordination following Alexander Technique lessons in a person with low back pain. Phys Ther. 2005;85(6):565-578. [PubMed]

pre 2000

Dennis R. Functional reach improvement in normal older women after Alexander Technique instruction. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999;54(1):M8-11. [PubMed]

Stevens C, Bojsen-Møller F, Soames R. The influence of initial posture on the sit-to-stand movement. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1989;58(7):687-692. [PubMed]

Jones FP. Method for changing stereotyped response patterns by the inhibition of certain postural sets. Psychological Review. 1965;72(3):196-214. doi: 10.1037/h0021752

Jones FP. The influence of postural set on pattern of movement in man. International Journal of Neurology. 1963;4:60-71.

Jones FP, Gray FE, Hanson JA, O’connell DN. An Experimental Study of the Effect of Head Balance on Patterns of Posture and Movement in Man. The Journal of Psychology. 1959;47(2):247-258. doi: 10.1080/00223980.1959.9916326