Experiments about how AT works

Here we provide an chronological list of published peer- reviewed experiments about how AT works and studies that measure physiological or movement changes associated with AT or AT-like interventions.


Baer J, Vasavada A, Cohen R. Neck posture is influenced by anticipation of stepping. Hum Mov Sci. 2019;64:108-122.[PubMed]


Becker J, Copeland S, Botterbusch E, Cohen R. Preliminary evidence for feasibility, efficacy, and mechanisms of Alexander technique group classes for chronic neck pain. Complement Ther Med. 2018;39:80-86. [PubMed]


Loram ID, Bate B, Harding P, Cunningham R, Loram A. Proactive Selective Inhibition Targeted at the Neck Muscles: This Proximal Constraint Facilitates Learning and Regulates Global Control. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2017;25(4):357-369. doi: 10.1109/tnsre.2016.2641024

Preece SJ, Cacciatore TW, Jones RK. Reductions in co-contraction during a sit-to-stand movement in people with knee osteoarthritis following neuromuscular re-education. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 2017;25:S121. doi:10.1016/j.joca.2017.02.194


Hamel KA, Ross C, Schultz B, O’Neill M, Anderson DI. Older adult Alexander Technique practitioners walk differently than healthy age-matched controls. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2016;20(4):751-760. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.04.009


Cohen RG, Gurfinkel VS, Kwak E, Warden AC, Horak FB. Specific postural instructions affect axial rigidity and step initiation in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2015;29(9):878-888. doi: 10.1177/1545968315570323

O’Neill MM, Anderson DI, Allen DD, Ross C, Hamel KA. Effects of Alexander Technique training experience on gait behavior in older adults. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2015;19(3):473-481. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2014.12.006


Cacciatore TW, Mian OS, Peters A, Day BL. Neuromechanical interference of posture on movement: evidence from Alexander Technique teachers rising from a chair. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2014;112(3):719-729. doi: 10.1152/jn.00617.2013

Little P, Stuart B, Stokes M, et al. Alexander Technique and Supervised Physiotherapy Exercises in back pain (ASPEN): a four-group randomised feasibility trial. October 2014. [PubMed]


Cacciatore TW, Gurfinkel VS, Horak FB, Cordo PJ, Ames KE. Increased dynamic regulation of postural tone through Alexander Technique training. Human Movement Science. 2011;30(1):74-89. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.10.002

Cacciatore TW, Gurfinkel VS, Horak FB, Day BL. Prolonged weight-shift and altered spinal coordination during sit-to-stand in practitioners of the Alexander Technique. Gait & Posture. 2011;34(4):496-501. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.06.026


Cacciatore T, Horak F, Henry S. Improvement in automatic postural coordination following Alexander Technique lessons in a person with low back pain. Phys Ther. 2005;85(6):565-578. [PubMed]

pre 2000

Dennis R. Functional reach improvement in normal older women after Alexander Technique instruction. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999;54(1):M8-11. [PubMed]

Stevens C, Bojsen-Møller F, Soames R. The influence of initial posture on the sit-to-stand movement. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1989;58(7):687-692. [PubMed]

Jones FP. Method for changing stereotyped response patterns by the inhibition of certain postural sets. Psychological Review. 1965;72(3):196-214. doi: 10.1037/h0021752

Jones FP. The influence of postural set on pattern of movement in man. International Journal of Neurology. 1963;4:60-71.

Jones FP, Gray FE, Hanson JA, O’connell DN. An Experimental Study of the Effect of Head Balance on Patterns of Posture and Movement in Man. The Journal of Psychology. 1959;47(2):247-258. doi: 10.1080/00223980.1959.9916326